This course is to familiarize attendees with the history of the Middle East and the culture of regional peoples with special focus in Islam as a religion and as a way of life. Given that Islam is the fastest growing religion worldwide and is rapidly gaining adherents in the United States; knowledge will enable us to develop strategies to bridge the gap between misunderstanding and beneficial engagement with the Muslim community. Attendees will better be able to deal with witnesses, victims, suspects, and source operations involving people from this region. Additionally, this course explores the U.S. intelligence community, intelligence sharing environment, and mechanisms to defeat domestic and global terrorism with and without religious underpinnings.
Upon successful completion of the course, students will be able to:
- Describe the key geopolitical and national security challenges in the Middle East region.
- Identify the key security issues for each of the nations covered in class.
- Identify key emerging domestic and global trends of terrorism.
- Explain the Arab Spring.
- Explain the origins of the Muslim Brotherhood.
- Explain the key cultural elements of pre-Islamic history.
- Explain the importance of the demise of the Ottoman Empire after WWI.
- Explain the importance of British and French colonization on the Middle East today.
- Discuss how independence from colonial rule in the late 1940's shaped today's Middle East.
- Discuss the governmental systems of the Middle East nations.
- Explain the difference between a house, clan, tribe, and tribal confederation.
- Compare and contrast tribal societies and tribal cultural norms with democracies.
- Explain how the life of Mohammed shaped Islam.
- Explain the history and differences between the Meccan and Medinan periods in the Quran.
- Explain the significance in Islam of the date 622AD.
- Discuss the political legacy of the Islamic Empires.
- Identify the 3 holy books of Islam.
- Describe the key difference between Sunni and Shia Islam.
- Explain the definition of the Arabic words Dhimmitude, Jizya, Takfir, Kafir, and Ummah.
- Explain how Shariah Law is derived from what three sources.
- Compare and contrast Shariah Law with Talmudic and Biblical Law.
- Discuss the concept of Jihad in Islam.
- Discuss the five pillars of belief in Islam
- Discuss what Ramadan signifies for a Muslim.
- Discuss the key elements of The Hajj.
- Explain the importance of a name in the Arab culture.
- Explain the key discriminators as it pertains to Arab naming conventions.
- Identify what an "honorific" name is.
- Identify the five general categories of Arabic naming conventions.
- Discuss interview and interrogation strategies relating to Muslim militants.
- Explain the "rapport based" approach to interview and interrogation.
- Discuss what makes Islam so appealing to prisoners in correctional facilities.
- Discuss the key recommendations for preventing prison radicalization.
- Explain the key alternative financing mechanisms used to earn, move, and store terrorist funding.
- Explain the workings of a Hawala.
- Discuss the steps of the terrorist attack cycle.
- Identify the observable precursor activities of a terrorist attack.
- Explain what “see something – say something” means.
- Identify the steps of the intelligence cycle.
- Define intelligence collection.
- Discuss the formal Information Sharing Environment as developed by the U.S. intelligence community.
- Discuss emerging challenges from social media, VOIP, and file sharing programs.
- Compare and contrast racial profiling with behavior profiling.
- Identify and explain the role of the Terrorist Screening Center.
- Identify the 3 Terrorist Screening Center Handling Categories.
Course Length: 3 days/24 hours.
Who May Attend: Law Enforcement, Military (Intel only).